Selected References

1.         Arcidi JM, Jr., Rodriguez E, Elbeery JR, et al. Fifteen-year experience with minimally invasive approach for reoperations involving the mitral valve. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 143(5):1062-8.

2.         Argenziano M, Katz M, Bonatti J, et al. Results of the prospective multicenter trial of robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. Ann Thorac Surg 2006; 81(5):1666-74; discussion 1674-5.

3.         Argenziano M, Oz MC, Kohmoto T, et al. Totally endoscopic atrial septal defect repair with robotic assistance. Circulation 2003; 108 Suppl 1:II191-4.

4.         Bacha EA, Bolotin G, Consilio K, et al. Robotically assisted repair of sinus venosus defect. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 129(2):442-3.

5.         Balkhy HH, Wann LS, Krienbring D, et al. Integrating coronary anastomotic connectors and robotics toward a totally endoscopic beating heart approach: review of 120 cases. Ann Thorac Surg 2011; 92(3):821-7.

6.         Bonaros N, Schachner T, Lehr E, et al. Five hundred cases of robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting: predictors of success and safety. Ann Thorac Surg 2013; 95(3):803-12.

7.         Bonatti J, Lehr EJ, Schachner T, et al. Robotic total endoscopic double-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting–state of procedure development. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 144(5):1061-6.

8.         Bonatti J, Schachner T, Bonaros N, et al. Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary bypass surgery. Circulation 2011; 124(2):236-44.

9.         Bonatti J, Schachner T, Bonaros N, et al. How to improve performance of robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. Am J Surg 2008; 195(5):711-6.

10.       Bonatti J, Wehman B, de Biasi AR, et al. Totally endoscopic quadruple coronary artery bypass grafting is feasible using robotic technology. Ann Thorac Surg 2012; 93(5):e111-2.

11.       Boyd WD, Rayman R, Desai ND, et al. Closed-chest coronary artery bypass grafting on the beating heart with the use of a computer-enhanced surgical robotic system. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2000; 120(4):807-9.

12.       Cheema FH, Weisberg JS, Khalid I, et al. Warm beating heart, robotic endoscopic Cox-cryomaze: an approach for treating atrial fibrillation. Ann Thorac Surg 2009; 87(3):966-8.

13.       Cheng W, Fontana GP, De Robertis MA, et al. Is robotic mitral valve repair a reproducible approach? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010; 139(3):628-33.

14.       Chitwood WR, Jr. Endoscopic robotic coronary surgery is this reality or fantasy? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1999; 118(1):1-3.

15.       Chitwood WR, Jr. Current status of endoscopic and robotic mitral valve surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 2005; 79(6):S2248-53.

16.       Chitwood WR, Jr. Our destination and our destiny: real endoscopic cardiac surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 132(4):753-4.

17.       Chitwood WR, Jr., Nifong LW, Chapman WH, et al. Robotic surgical training in an academic institution. Ann Surg 2001; 234(4):475-84; discussion 484-6.

18.       Falk V, Walther T, Autschbach R, et al. Robot-assisted minimally invasive solo mitral valve operation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1998; 115(2):470-1.

19.       Felger JE, Chitwood WR, Jr., Nifong LW, et al. Evolution of mitral valve surgery: toward a totally endoscopic approach. Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 72(4):1203-8; discussion 1208-9.

20.       Gao C, Yang M, Wang G, et al. Excision of atrial myxoma using robotic technology. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010; 139(5):1282-5.

21.       Gao C, Yang M, Wang G, et al. Totally endoscopic robotic ventricular septal defect repair in the adult. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 144(6):1404-7.

22.       Gao C, Yang M, Xiao C, et al. Robotically assisted mitral valve replacement. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 143(4 Suppl):S64-7.

23.       Guy TS, Tseng E. Robotic cardiac surgery: give it more time! J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 136(1):237-8; author reply 238.

24.       Kappert U, Cichon R, Schneider J, et al. Closed-chest coronary artery surgery on the beating heart with the use of a robotic system. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2000; 120(4):809-11.

25.       Kiaii B, McClure RS, Stitt L, et al. Prospective angiographic comparison of direct, endoscopic, and telesurgical approaches to harvesting the internal thoracic artery. Ann Thorac Surg 2006; 82(2):624-8.

26.       Kypson AP, Chitwood WR, Jr. Robotic mitral valve surgery. Am J Surg 2004; 188(4A Suppl):83S-88S.

27.       Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR, Jr. Robotic mitral valve surgery. Surg Clin North Am 2003; 83(6):1387-403.

28.       Lee JD, Bonaros N, Hong PT, et al. Factors influencing hospital length of stay after robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. Ann Thorac Surg 2013; 95(3):813-8.

29.       Mihaljevic T, Jarrett CM, Gillinov AM, et al. Robotic repair of posterior mitral valve prolapse versus conventional approaches: potential realized. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011; 141(1):72-80 e1-4.

30.       Mihaljevic T, Pattakos G, Gillinov AM, et al. Robotic posterior mitral leaflet repair: neochordal versus resectional techniques. Ann Thorac Surg 2013; 95(3):787-94.

31.       Morgan JA, Peacock JC, Kohmoto T, et al. Robotic techniques improve quality of life in patients undergoing atrial septal defect repair. Ann Thorac Surg 2004; 77(4):1328-33.

32.       Morris MF, Suri RM, Akhtar NJ, et al. Computed tomography as an alternative to catheter angiography prior to robotic mitral valve repair. Ann Thorac Surg 2013; 95(4):1354-9.

33.       Murphy DA, Miller JS, Langford DA. Robot-assisted endoscopic excision of left atrial myxomas. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 130(2):596-7.

34.       Murphy DA, Miller JS, Langford DA. Endoscopic robotic mitral valve surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2007; 133(4):1119-20; author reply 1120.

35.       Murphy DA, Miller JS, Langford DA, et al. Endoscopic robotic mitral valve surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 132(4):776-81.

36.       Nifong LW, Chitwood WR, Pappas PS, et al. Robotic mitral valve surgery: a United States multicenter trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 129(6):1395-404.

37.       Nifong LW, Chu VF, Bailey BM, et al. Robotic mitral valve repair: experience with the da Vinci system. Ann Thorac Surg 2003; 75(2):438-42; discussion 443.

38.       Schachner T, Bonaros N, Wiedemann D, et al. Training surgeons to perform robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 2009; 88(2):523-7.

39.       Shannon J, Colombo A, Alfieri O. Do hybrid procedures have proven clinical utility and are they the wave of the future? : hybrid procedures have proven clinical utility and are the wave of the future. Circulation 2012; 125(20):2492-503; discussion 2503.

40.       Srivastava S, Gadasalli S, Agusala M, et al. Beating heart totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass. Ann Thorac Surg 2010; 89(6):1873-9; discussion 1879-80.

41.       Srivastava S, Gadasalli S, Agusala M, et al. Use of bilateral internal thoracic arteries in CABG through lateral thoracotomy with robotic assistance in 150 patients. Ann Thorac Surg 2006; 81(3):800-6; discussion 806.

42.       Stevens LM, Rodriguez E, Lehr EJ, et al. Impact of timing and surgical approach on outcomes after mitral valve regurgitation operations. Ann Thorac Surg 2012; 93(5):1462-8.

43.       Suri RM, Antiel RM, Burkhart HM, et al. Quality of life after early mitral valve repair using conventional and robotic approaches. Ann Thorac Surg 2012; 93(3):761-9.

44.       Suri RM, Burkhart HM, Daly RC, et al. Robotic mitral valve repair for all prolapse subsets using techniques identical to open valvuloplasty: establishing the benchmark against which percutaneous interventions should be judged. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011; 142(5):970-9.

45.       Suri RM, Burkhart HM, Rehfeldt KH, et al. Robotic mitral valve repair for all categories of leaflet prolapse: improving patient appeal and advancing standard of care. Mayo Clin Proc 2011; 86(9):838-44.

46.       Tatooles AJ, Pappas PS, Gordon PJ, et al. Minimally invasive mitral valve repair using the da Vinci robotic system. Ann Thorac Surg 2004; 77(6):1978-82; discussion 1982-4.

47.       Torracca L, Ismeno G, Alfieri O. Totally endoscopic computer-enhanced atrial septal defect closure in six patients. Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 72(4):1354-7.

48.       Woo YJ. Minimally invasive valve surgery. Surg Clin North Am 2009; 89(4):923-49, x.

49.       Suri RM, Thompson JE, Burkhart HM, Huebner M, Borah BJ, Li Z, Michelena HI, Visscher SL, Roger VL, Daly RC, Cook DJ, Enriquez-Sarano M and Schaff HV “Improving Affordability Through Innovation in the Surgical Treatment of Mitral Valve Disease.” Mayo Clinic Proceedings 88(10): 1075-1084.

50.      Suri RM, Antiel RM, Burkhart HM, Huebner M, Li Z, Eton DT, Topilsky T, Sarano ME and Schaff HV “Quality of life after early mitral valve repair using conventional and robotic approaches.” Annals of Thoracic Surgery 93(3): 761-769.

51.      Suri RM, Burkhart HM, Daly RC, Dearani JA, Park SJ, Sundt TM, 3rd, Li Z, Enriquez-Sarano M and Schaff HV “Robotic mitral valve repair for all prolapse subsets using techniques identical to open valvuloplasty: Establishing the benchmark against which percutaneous interventions should be judged.” Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

52.      Mihaljevic T, Jarrett CM, Gillinov AM, Williams SJ, Devilliers PA, Stewart WJ, Svensson LG, Sabik JF, 3rd and Blackstone EH “Robotic repair of posterior mitral valve prolapse versus conventional approaches: Potential realized.” Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.
Online article access

53.      Chitwood Jr WR, Rodriguez E, Chu MWA, Hassan A, Ferguson TB, Vos PW and Nifong LW “Robotic mitral valve repairs in 300 patients: A single-center experience.” Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 136(2): 436-441.

T. Sloane Guy, MD

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